Makar Sankranti is one of the huge celebrations of India. It has been celebrated to praise the sun lord named Surya. It is believed that the devotees who take bath in the holy rivers will be acquitted from the past sins. This festival includes prayers to the sun, jaggery, and usage of black sesame. Why Makar Sankranti Is Celebrated? One of the religious festivals of India, observed in Indian Subcontinents to praise the sun god. A variety of fairs across India commemorate the Makar Sankranti. Every 12 years the Kumbha Mela will be held in Nashik, Prayag, Haridwar, or Ujjain.
Some fairs celebrated during Makar Sankranti:
- Gangasagar Mela – Bengal
- Magha Mela – Prayag
- Poush Mela – Shantiniketan and West Bengal
- Makar Mela – Odisha
- Tusu Mela – Jharkhand and West Bengal
What is Makar Sankranti?
Tamil Nadu celebrates a festival called Pongal is a 4 days festival. That same ceremony is observed in Rajasthan in the name of Makar Sankranti or Sakraat. That occasion will be honored with various kinds of sweets like laddoo, til-paati, ghevar, puwa, etc. People will be engaged in kite flying. And the household objects will be gifted to 13 married women by the women of that region.
- Uttar Pradesh – Kicheri
- Uttarakhand – Kicheri
- Gujarat – Uttarayan
- Assam – Magh Bihu and Bhogali Bihu
- West Bengal – Poush Sankranti and Sankranti
- Karnataka – Suggi
- Himachal Pradesh – Magha Sanji
- Odisha – Makara Chaula
- Punjab – Maghi
- Jharkhand – Khichdi, etc.
The above-mentioned are some of the places which recognize the same festival Makar Sankranti in different names in different places with the same motive to praise the Lord Surya.
Makar Sankranti is an extremely popular festival which is considered mainly as a harvesting occasion. This Makar is celebrated all over India from east to west and north to south. This Makar Sankranti is very popular in West India. Down South, it is celebrated as Pongal and Lohri in North. The celebration time of this festival is believed as a time for prosperity and peace. This day is filled with spiritual practices as the people are practiced to hold dip in the rivers like the Godavari, Ganga, Yamuna, Krishna, and Cauvery. The people take baths as they believe that the past sins will be washed away.
This festival will create a wonderful bonding with the members of your society. The occasion will make you live in peace by burying the hatchets with your enemies. This can even make you close with strangers. People in other parts of the country too will holy dip themselves to relieve themselves from sins. There is a strong belief that those who die during this festival Makar Sankranti will not be reborn but will go to the heave directly.
In the rural areas, This Makar Sankranti festival will be held with colorful decorations in every house and the children will sing and get many treats by visiting every house. Festival days will be filled with dances, feasts, bonfires, meals, fairs, and kite flying. This is considered to be a thanksgiving ceremony to the sun from the sacred rivers. Hindus observe this festival as the world’s largest ceremony with mass pilgrimages. Every 12 years 40 to 100 million people will attend this occasion. In every house, the family members will prepare sweets themselves and will share them with their neighbors, friends, and relatives with joy.
When is Makar Sankranti?
The solar event Makar Sankranti is just among few Hindu festivals that fall on the same date January 14 every year in the local calendar. The festival will be honored on January 15 in some exceptions. It falls in the solar month of every year in the Hindu calendar and it means the longer days’ arrival. The end of the month in India and Nepal will be marked as the winter solstice, and that winter solstice night is considered the longest night of that whole year. In the first month, the festival will celebrate the frequent longer days.
During this occasion period, you can share the cultural practices with your friends, relatives, and neighbors. The sweets distributed during the festival time is considered to be the symbol of joy and peace. This explains an individual’s difference and uniqueness. In the agricultural cycle, the period of the occasion will be the early stage of the Rabi crop. The hard work will be done in the field where farmers have sown the crops.
During the festival, you can enjoy the company of your family members, Celebration around the bonfires and flying kites will make your heart fulfilled. It will be an amazing opportunity for you to spend time with your family joyfully. As you already know Makar Sankranti is a solar ceremony maintained on the same date in different places with various names. In India’s few parts people believe that a demon was killed on that exact day. Although the custom may change from place to place but the happiness and joy remain the same in every place.
How to Celebrate Makar Sankranti?
As you already read above, the festival will be celebrated together by distributing sweets, fairs, dances, etc. And the occasion will be going on for 2 to 4 days and every day has a separate name and ritual. On that auspicious day, all will wear their traditional clothes and visit the dear one’s house. You can share your sweets although with people who are not your family members. Every single day will have special rituals to be followed. The elders will bless every child with sweets. In some parts, sugarcane will be the main object in the harvest season.
You can understand the worth of the Makar Sankranti festival because of the devotees, beliefs, socialism, humanity, togetherness, happiness, joy, and respect for each other. As you already know, this festival is one of the huge ceremonies celebrated all over the world. Those two to four days of the religious and cultural occasion will be an awesome start to the whole year. And you will not forget the special days together with your family.